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History Introduction

Georgia’s history as a colony, and eventually a state, began when James Oglethorpe and a small group of settlers established Savannah on Yamacraw Bluff on the Savannah River. But of course they were not the first people to live in what is now Georgia - the colonists were befriended by Tomochichi and his band of Native Americans, who had lived in this area for generations. And before Oglethorpe the Spanish had established a string of missions along the coast of what is now Georgia. It is impossible to place a real, meaningful starting point to Georgia’s history, but what is not in doubt is that Georgia has led a very eventful existence - from its earliest times, through the American Revolution, antebellum era, the Civil War and Reconstruction, and its continual growth up to modern times.

This section of GeorgiaInfo contains a wealth of material on Georgia history - some original from GeorgiaInfo staff, and some links to external sites with useful information on Georgia history. Each of the chronological categories is centered around a timeline, which lists the major events for each year in that particular era of Georgia history. Each timeline also contains related items which also correspond to that particular era of Georgia history. More specific Georgia historical information can be found on This Day in Georgia History, In Their Own Words, and FDR’s Ties to Georgia.

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Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Lithograph
Source: Library of Congress