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Gordon County Historical Markers

New Echota Cherokee National Capital

  • Source: David Seibert
  • Marker: New Echota Cherokee National Capital
  • Location: Off Ga 225 at New Echota parking area, NE of Calhoun

NEW ECHOTA Cherokee National Capital

The sprawling town of New Town which had stood here since 1819 was designated the seat of government for the Cherokee Nation in a legislative act of 1825 and it was renamed New Echota for a former principal town in Tennessee. In its short history New Echota was the site of the first Indian language newspaper office, a court case which carried to the U.S. Supreme Court, one of the earliest experiments in national self-government for an Indian tribe, the signing of a treaty which relinquished Cherokee claims to lands east of the Mississippi, and the assembly of Indians for removal west.