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Twiggs County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1902-04
Architecture StyleRomanesque Revival
DesignerJ.W. Golucke
Seat InformationThe act creating Twiggs County named commissioners with authority to select the site of the county seat and build a courthouse. They selected land lot 55 in the 25th district and gave the lot's owner a deposit for purchasing the land. However, in an act of Dec. 8, 1810, the legislature directed that the courthouse be erected at or near Joiner's Spring above Savage's Creek, on land lot 73, in the 25th district of the new county (Ga. Laws 1810, p. 40). On Dec. 15, the legislature provided that until a courthouse was built, court sessions and county elections would be held at the house of John Harden (Ga. Laws 1810, p. 72). By 1811, land lot 73 had been laid out and was named Marion, after Revolutionary War hero Gen. Francis Marion. That year, the legislature incorporated Marion (Ga. Laws 1811, p. 183), though the town's charter was repealed two decades later (Ga. Laws 1834, p. 262). On Feb. 11, 1850, the legislature authorized a referendum on removal of the county seat from Marion to a site on land formerly owned by Henry Solomon, as designated by the Twiggs County inferior court (Ga. Laws 1849-50, p. 106). Whether the referendum was held in not known, but if it was, voters turned down removal. In an act of Dec. 10, 1866, the legislature authorized a referendum on moving the county seat from Marion to Jeffersonville, providing the citizens of Jeffersonville would fund construction of a courthouse and jail at no expense to the county (Ga. Laws 1866, p. 44). The referendum was held the first Wednesday in January of 1867, and voters approved making Jeffersonville the new county seat. Apparently, Jeffersonville residents were either unable or willing to finance construction of a new courthouse, so Marion continued to serve as county seat. Finally, in May 1868, the old courthouse in Marion was dismantled and moved by wagon six miles to Jeffersonville. Jeffersonville had been first settled in the 1820s and was initially known as Rain's Store. In 1849, the town's name was changed in recognition of the Jefferson family, which had played an important role in the county's early settlement. Jeffersonville was not incorporated until Nov. 29, 1901 (Ga. Laws 1901, p. 461).
Courthouse DetailsIn an act of Dec. 8, 1810, the legislature named John Harden, Jacob Ricks, William Davis, Lovet B. Smith and James McCormick as courthouse and jail commissioners and authorized them to purchase between 75 and 200 acres of land in land lot 73 in the 25th and contract for construction of a courthouse and other public buildings (Ga. Laws 1810, p. 40). The legislature also provided that until a courthouse was built, court sessions and county elections would be held at the house of John Harden (Ga. Laws 1810, p. 72).Twiggs County's first courthouse -- a two-story wooden building -- in 1812 on land lot 73, which was now known as Marion. When Jeffersonville became county seat in 1868, the old courthouse in Marion was dismantled and taken on a six-mile trip by wagon to the new county seat, where it was reassembled. It is not clear whether other courthouses succeeded the 1812 structure. In 1901, Twiggs County's courthouse was destroyed by fire. Construction of the present courthouse began in 1902 and was completed in 1904. The courthouse was renovated in 1979, followed by a major renovation and substantial expansion of the structure begun in 1996 and completed in 2003.
County Data
Population 200010,590
Population Growth-14.8
County SeatJeffersonville
County Area362.9 Square Miles
Location MapTwiggs County Location Map

Twiggs County was created from Wilkinson County on Dec. 14, 1809, by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1809, p. 75). According to that act, Twiggs County’s boundaries were specified as:

  . . . beginning on the Ocmulgee river, where the upperl line of said county of Wilkinson strikes the river; thence on the said upper line of said county to where the same crosses the main south fork of commissioners creek; thence a straight line to the first branch, which the present line crosses, dividing Pulaski and Wilkinson, on a south west direction from the corner that divides Laurens and Pulaski counties, and lower line of Wilkinson; thence with said line as it now runs, until it strikes the ocmulgee river; thence up the meanders thereof to the place of beginning of said river; and all that part of Wilkinson county, comprehended within the lines aforesaid . . . .

Georgia’s 37th county was named for Revolutionary War general John Twiggs. A portion of Twiggs County was used to created Bibb County on Dec. 9, 1822 (Ga. Laws 1822, p. 21).

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Legal OrganThe Twiggs Times New Era
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Historical Population
2010 9,023
2000 10,590
1990 9,806
1980 9,354
1970 8,222
1960 7,935
1950 8,308
1940 9,117
1930 8,372
1920 10,407
1910 10,736
1900 8,716
1890 8,195
1880 8,918
1870 8,545
1860 8,320
1850 8,179
1840 8,422
1830 8,031
1820 10,640
1810 3,405