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Polk County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1951
Architecture StyleStripped Classical
DesignerWilliam J.J. Chase
Seat InformationThe act creating Polk County authorized the justices of the inferior court to select the county seat, but until such action was taken elections and public business were to take place in Cedartown (then spelled "Cedar Town"). In an act of Feb. 8, 1854, the General Assembly designated Cedartown as permanent county seat and incorporated it as a town (Ga. Laws 1853-54, p. 224). Cedertown was so-named because of the many cedar trees growing in the area.
Courthouse DetailsPolk County's first courthouse was built in 1852 and reportedly was burned by Union forces in 1864. A new courthouse was built in 1867, but it too burned down in 1887. Construction of a new two-story brick courthouse with clock tower began in 1889. In the early 1930s, structural deterioration of the clock tower led to its removal. The exterior of the courthouse was renovated and painted white. This building was torn down in 1951 and replaced with the present courthouse. In 1984-85, Polk County officials renovated the former Cedartown City Hall and designated it "Polk County Courthouse No. 2".
County Data
Population 200038,127
Population Growth8.8
County SeatCedartown
County Area312.2 Square Miles
Location MapPolk County Location Map

Polk County was created from Floyd and Paulding counties on Dec. 20, 1851 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1851-52, p. 52). In 1856, portions of Polk County were used to help create Haralson County (Ga. Laws 1856, p. 110).

Georgia’s 96th county was named for Pres. James Polk (1795-1849), who had died two years earlier.

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganPolk Fish Wrap
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 41,475
2000 38,127
1990 33,815
1980 32,386
1970 29,656
1960 28,015
1950 30,976
1940 28,467
1930 25,141
1920 20,357
1910 20,203
1900 17,856
1890 14,945
1880 11,952
1870 7,822
1860 6,295