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McDuffie County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1872
Architecture Style
Seat InformationThe act creating McDuffie County designated Thomson as its county seat, though leaving it to the ordinary [probate judge] to select the actual site for location of the courthouse and jail. When the ordinary declined to choose a site, the county's grand jury in 1871 appointed a committee to designate the land lot on which to build the courthouse. What began as a small settlement in Columbia County became a train stop on the Georgia Railroad in the 1830s. In 1853, the small town was named in honor of J. Edgar Thomson, who surveyed the route of the Georgia Railroad through the settlement twenty years earlier. In 1854, the legislature incorporated Thomson.
Courthouse DetailsThe 1870 legislation creating McDuffie County provided that the county's ordinary [probate judge] was to select a lot in Thomson on which to build a courthouse and jail. Until a courthouse could be built, county officials rented the first two floors of the Masonic building for holding court. In Aug. 1872, the legislature authorized the ordinary to issue bonds up to $15,000 to finance construction of a courthouse and jail, with the county to levy a special tax to repay the bondholders. Subsequently, a courthouse was erected , which remains in use today. Wings were added and the courtroom was enlarged in 1934. Elevators and stairs were part of a major renovation in 1970.
County Data
Population 200021,231
Population Growth3.0
County SeatThomson
County Area266.3 Square Miles
Location MapMcDuffie County Location Map

McDuffie County was created from Columbia and Warren counties on Oct. 18, 1870 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1870, p. 20). Georgia’s 134th county was named for former South Carolina governor, congressman, and U.S. senator George McDuffie (1790-1851).

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganThe McDuffie Progress
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 21,875
2000 21,231
1990 20,119
1980 18,546
1970 15,276
1960 12,627
1950 11,443
1940 10,878
1930 9,014
1920 11,509
1910 10,325
1900 9,804
1890 8,789
1880 9,449