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Henry County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1897
Architecture StyleRomanesque Revival
DesignerGolucke & Stewart
Seat InformationThe Dec. 24, 1821 act organizing Henry County authorized the justices of the inferior court to select the location of the county seat. In 1822 or 1823, the court selected one-half of land lot 134 in the seventh district as the location of the county seat and laid out a town on this site. In an act of Dec. 17, 1823, the legislature declared this site the permanent seat of government for Henry County and incorporated it as McDonough (Ga. Laws 1823, p. 188). The town was named for Thomas McDonough, a U.S. naval commodore who became famous during the War of 1812 for defeating a British fleet on Lake Champlain in 1814.
Courthouse DetailsHenry County's first superior court met on June 10, 1822 at the house of William Ruff. The county's first courthouse was built in 1823 on the town square of the new settlement of McDonough. This structure burned in 1823, and it is not clear what served as county courthouse for the next seven years. A new brick courthouse was built in the public square in 1831, which served until the current three-story brick courthouse was built in 1897. The new courthouse was built across the street facing the public square, which became a park with a tall Confederate monument erected in the center. The courthouse was restored and renovated in 1980-81. In 2000, construction began on a new annex adjacent to the current courthouse.
County Data
Population 2000119,341
Population Growth70.9
County SeatMcDonough
County Area324.5 Square Miles
Location MapHenry County Location Map

Henry County was created on May 15, 1821 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1821 Extra. Session, p. 3). Dooly, Houston, Monroe, Fayette, and Henry County were created in that order by the Georgia Land Lottery Act of 1821, which was enacted at a special session of the General Assembly four months after the Creek Indians ceded lands between the Ocmulgee and Flint rivers on Jan. 8, 1821 in the first Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry County was organized by an act of the legislature approved Dec. 24, 1821 (Ga. Laws 1821, p. 44). Later, portions of Henry County were used to create the following counties: Newton (1821), DeKalb (1822), Butts (1825), Spalding (1851), Clayton (1858), and Rockdale (1870).

Georgia’s 52nd county was named for American Revolutionary patriot Patrick Henry, who is probably best remembered for impassioned “Give me liberty or give me death!” speech.

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganHenry Daily Herald
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 203,922
2000 119,341
1990 58,741
1980 36,309
1970 23,724
1960 17,619
1950 15,857
1940 15,119
1930 15,924
1920 20,420
1910 19,927
1900 18,602
1890 16,220
1880 14,193
1870 10,102
1860 10,702
1850 14,726
1840 11,756
1830 10,566