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Hart County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1971
Architecture StyleModern
Seat InformationThe act creating Hart County provided that the initial election of county officials take place on the first Monday in Feb. 1854. The first justices of the county's inferior court were authorized to select a site for the county seat, to purchase land, and to arrange for construction of a courthouse. Until a courthouse was built, the act directed that elections and county business be conducted at the Line Meeting House. At some point in 1854 or 1855, the inferior court selected the town of Hartwell as county seat. The legislature incorporated Hartwell on Feb. 26, 1856 (Ga. Laws 1855-56, p. 382)
Courthouse DetailsHart County's first courthouse was a two-story, wooden structure built in 1854. On Mar. 6, 1856, the legislature authorized Hart County to levy a special tax to fund construction of a new courthouse in Hartwell (Ga. Laws 1855-56, p. 541). The new courthouse was used until 1900, when it was destroyed by fire. A third courthouse was built in 1902 and served until it burned in 1967. The present courthouse was completed in 1971.
County Data
Population 200022,997
Population Growth9.6
County SeatHartwell
County Area256.4 Square Miles
Location MapHart County Location Map

Hart County was created from Franklin and Elbert counties on Dec. 7, 1853 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1853-54, p. 302). According to that act, Hart County’s original boundaries were described as:

  Beginning at Stower’s ferry, on Savannah river, formerly known as Brown’s ferry, and running in a straight line to the residence of Middleton G. Hickman, in Elberton County, including said residence in the new county, thence in a straight line to the corner of Madison County, nearest to the Little Holly Springs, thence along the boundary line of Madison County to the corner of Elbert, Franklin, and Madison Counties, near the residence of Anguish Johnson, thence in a straight line to the nearest cross roads to the residence of Job Bowers, not including the residence of Moses and Joseph Manley, in Franklin County, between said residence and Carnesville, on the road leading from Carnesville to Ruckersville, thence in a straight line to a place sometimes called the Negro’s old store place, now owned by Leonard Bonds, of Franklin County, thence in a straight line to the mouth of Gum Log creek, on Tugalo river, thence along the eastern boundary of the State of Georgia to the beginning.

Georgia’s 102nd county was named for Revolutionary War heroine Nancy Hart. It is the only county in Georgia—and possibly in the United States—named for a woman.

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganThe Hartwell Sun
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 25,213
2000 22,997
1990 19,712
1980 18,585
1970 15,814
1960 15,229
1950 14,495
1940 15,512
1930 15,174
1920 17,944
1910 16,216
1900 14,492
1890 10,887
1880 9,094
1870 6,783
1860 6,137