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Barrow County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1920
Architecture StyleNeoclassical Revival
DesignerJ.J. Baldwin
Seat InformationThe proposed constitutional amendment creating Barrow County provided that Winder serve as county seat. Winder was first settled at an unknown date in what was then Walton County. Originally, it was known as Jug Tavern and was incorporated under that name by the General Assembly on Dec. 24, 1884 (Ga. Laws 1884-85, p. 339). It was reincorporated as Winder by an act of Dec. 20, 1893 (Ga. Laws 1893, p. 223). The new name was chosen to honor Seaboard Air Line Railroad president John H. Winder for building his railroad through Jug Tavern in 1893.
Courthouse DetailsAdministrative offices of county government are housed in the Barrow County Administration Building
County Data
Population 200046,144
Population Growth50.3
County SeatWinder
County Area162.8 Square Miles
Location MapBarrow County Location Map

On July 7, 1914, a joint resolution of the General Assembly was approved proposing a constitutional amendment to create Barrow County from portions of Gwinnett, Jackson, and Walton counties (Ga. Laws 1914, p. 27). On Nov. 3, 1914, Georgia voters approved the constitutional amendment, making Barrow Georgia’s 149th county. Reportedly, the new county was created because although downtown Winder was located in Walton County, its city boundaries extended into Gwinnett and Jackson counties, meaning Winder residents were divided among three different counties. As a result, local citizens petitioned the General Assembly to create a new county with Winder as county seat in the center. The new county was named after David C. Barrow, who was then chancellor of the University of Georgia.

Why was Barrow County created by constitutional amendment instead of an act of the General Assembly? In 1904, Georgia voters had approved a constitutional amendment limiting the number of counties in the state to 145. The next year, the General Assembly created eight new counties, bringing the total number to 145—the constitutional limit. Nevertheless, there was continuing pressure to create more counties. Beginning in 1906, lawmakers got around the 145-county limitation by creating new counties through constitutional amendments that were not subject to the limitation. By 1924, Georgia had 161 counties—16 of which had been created by constitutional amendment. On Jan. 1, 1932, Milton and Campbell counties merged with Fulton, leaving 159 counties. In 1945, Georgia voters ratified a new constitution—one which provided an absolute limit of 159 counties, with an additional provision (see text) that no new country could be created except through consolidation of existing counties.

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganBarrow County News
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 69,367
2000 46,144
1990 29,721
1980 21,354
1970 16,859
1960 14,485
1950 13,115
1940 13,064
1930 12,401
1920 13,188