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Bulloch County

County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

Date Built1894
Architecture StyleQueen Anne, with Neoclassical Revival
DesignerBruce & Morgan (1894), J. Bruyn Kops (1914)
Seat InformationThe act creating Bulloch County named a panel of commissioners with responsibility of selecting a county seat within five miles of the center of the new county. The legislation further directed that until a courthouse and jail could be built, court sessions would be held at the home of Stephen Mills. In May 1797, Bulloch County's first superior court held an organizational meeting at Mills' home. The practice of court sessions being held in private homes continued for the few years, which prompted the legislature in 1799 to appoint a new commission to select a site for the building of a courthouse for Bulloch County. Apparently, that commission could not agree on a site, for the legislature in 1800 appointed yet another commission to select the county seat. In 1803, the General Assembly accepted an offer of 200 acres of land on which to build a court house, jail, and other public buildings and provided that the new county seat be named "Statesborough." [The town's name may have referred to the state of Georgia or to states' rights -- or it may have been a reference to the fact that a new town literally was being created by the state. However, any explanation of the name can only be speculation, as there are no historical records that explain the name's origin.] Finally, on Dec. 20, 1866, the legislature incorporated the town, with its official name shortened to "Statesboro."
Courthouse DetailsAfter its creation in 1796, Bulloch County functioned without a courthouse while local officials debated where the county seat should be located. During this time, superior court sessions were held in private homes and other places. Following Statesboro's designation as county seat in 1803, a wooden courthouse was built. In 1807, the first courthouse was replaced by a larger wooden building, which served until burned during Sherman's March to the Sea in 1864. In 1866, the legislature authorized county officials to levy a tax for rebuilding the courthouse. Proceeds of this tax were used to build a two-story wooden building, which served until the present courthouse was built in 1894. As part of a renovation in 1914, pedimented porticos supported by columns were added to the entrances to the courthouse. By the 1960s, the Bulloch County courthouse had undergone several renovations that had utilized brick of different colors. This may have been the reason why the county commission decided to have the entire courthouse exterior coated with a white plaster that contained asbestos. In the 1990s, the county commission decided to undertake a major restoration of the courthouse. To remove the white plaster, it would have been necessary to sand blast the courthouse exterior. However, because of the damage this would do to the brick's surface, the Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources encouraged Bulloch County officials to leave the plaster coating in place. The architect in charge of the courthouse restoration then recommended painting the white coating with a red color to simulate the appearance of brick. When the actual restoration of the courthouse began in 1998, the contractor found some areas where the white plaster was flaking or peeling and needed to be removed. Because of the health risk posed by the asbestos, a professional hazardous waste removal contractor was hired. Most of the white plaster, however, still adhered to the courthouse exterior and was simply painted a red brick color. The restoration, completed in 2000, left the Bulloch County courthouse looking much as did following the 1914 renovation. Need for space in the 1990s led the county to expand into several buildings adjacent or near the courthouse in downtown Statesboro. In the 1990s, Bulloch County built a modern judicial annex across the street from the courthouse.
County Data
Population 200055,983
Population Growth25.4
County SeatStatesboro
County Area688.9 Square Miles
Location MapBulloch County Location Map

Bulloch County was created from Bryan and Screven counties on Feb. 8, 1796 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1796, p. 14). Georgia’s 21st county was named for Archibald Bulloch, Georgia’s first provisional governor (1776-1777). Portions of Bulloch County were used to create Jenkins County (1905), Candler County (1914), and Evans County (1914).

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganThe Statesboro Herald
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
2010 70,217
2000 55,983
1990 43,125
1980 35,785
1970 31,585
1960 24,263
1950 24,740
1940 26,010
1930 26,509
1920 26,133
1910 26,464
1900 21,377
1890 13,712
1880 8,053
1870 5,610
1860 5,668
1850 4,300
1840 3,102
1830 2,587
1820 2,578
1810 2,305
1800 1,913