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In Their Own Words

December 28, 1739

Surveyor Worked on Oglethorpe Land

While Georgia’s charter prohibited the Trustees from holding land grants in Georgia, there was no specific ban on owning land in other British colonies in America. Although a July 9, 1736 entry in the journal William Stephens may explain James Oglethorpe’s link to Palachocolas on the South Carolina banks of the Savannah River, there were several contemporary references to Oglethorpe’s “barony” [a term that referred to a 12,000-acre land lot] at Palachocolas. One was by Salzburger minister Johann Martin Boltzius, who indicated in his journal entry of Dec. 7, 1739 and that of this day (concerning the surveyor Oglethorpe had hired to survey the Salzburger land grants at New Ebenezer) that Oglethorpe held a barony at Palachocolas:

“The surveyor has finally returned here and wishes to complete his work … . This very same surveyor surveyed Mr. Oglethorpe’s barony near Palachocolas [located upstream on the South Carolina side of the Savannah River] a few weeks ago and received people and provisions for this work … .”

Source: George Fenwick Jones and Renate Wilson, Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America … Edited by Samuel Urlsperger, Vol. VI, 1739 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1981), pp. 317-318.