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In Their Own Words

November 21, 1760

James Wright Addressed Creek Chiefs

At a meeting with Creek chiefs in Savannah, newly-arrived lieutenant governor James Wright addressed the delegation expressing concern over recent killing of white colonists by Creek Indians:

“…It is not yet four Moons since I came from the great King [George III], he has sent me here and charged me to take Care of all his Children both white People and red People, and to keep Peace among you, and see that no Blood is shed, but that the whole Countrey be kept white, the Chain of Friendship between Us brightened, and the Path strait and clear; and that the white People and red People should be as one, and their Children increase and mix together and be a great and happy People. And he directed me to tell you that he will order Goods of all Kinds in Plenty for all his Children on this Side of the Water, and as long as you, the red people are good to the English he will be a Father to you as well as to the white People… .

“And now, my Friends and Brothers, I will speak to you from myself; I was very sorry to hear at my coming that some of our People had been killed in your Towns, and am sure it will give the great King much Concern when he hears it, because he always looked upon the Creeks as the most true and faithfull of all his red Children. I should be glad to know the Reason of it, and how it happened to be done, for I never heard that the white People did you any Harm, or gave you any Reason to hurt them. And if you had any Thing to complain of, or any Grievance, why did you not apply to the Governour, or if you have any now why don’t your Nation apply to me, I am ready to hear you and to redress you. And you know that you can’t live nor support your Selves without the white People, for you can’t make Guns, Powder Bullets, Cloth of different Sorts, Knives, Looking Glasses, Beads, nor any Thing else that you are supplied with by Us. And you know also that the French cannot supply you, they are now ruined and destroyed, all but a few at the Southward. And if our people should not carry any Goods into your Countrey what would you do, or how could you live, or get any thing that you want? You know all this to be true, therefore Consider of it and don’t forget it. And you must remember that all the Good Talks and Treaties which our Forefathers made have been renewed by different governours, and that we have them all in writing and can never forget them. And I hope that all you head Men now present will remember those Treaties and good Talks and explain and inculcate them in the Minds of all your young People that they may know what is for their own Good, and not listen to the bad Talks and Lyes of the Cherokees and French; who want to ruin your Nation as well as themselves… .”

Source: John T. Juricek (ed.), Georgia Treaties, 1733-1763 [Vol. XI in Alden T. Vaughan (gen. ed.), Early American Indian Documents: Treaties and Laws, 1607-1789] (Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, 1989), pp. 338-339.