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In Their Own Words

October 09, 1795

White Attack on Indians Reported in Letter

During the 1780s and ’90s, there were frequent hostilities on Georgia’s frontier due to Indian attacks on whites who had settled illegally on their lands. Sometimes, white Georgians retaliated against innocent Indians, as evidenced by this letter from Timothy Barnard to Gov. George Mathews:

“On the evening of the 7th instant, I had information of twelve Indians being killed at the station on Carr’s Bluff, Oconee River, by the white people at that station and, if the one that made the escape tells the truth, without any provocation at that time. Whatever might [have] be[en] done for time past, [we] have not heard of any violations being committed on the frontiers on the part of the Indians since their meeting the Agent of Indian Affairs at Beard’s Bluff on the Altamaha. If any late depredation has been committed that has been the cause of this affair at Carr’s Bluff it has not yet come to my ears… .The first five that were missing are fellows well known all ‘round about the settlement and have been generally remarked for honest, innocent fellows by the inhabitants in that quarter. They are all fellows that I myself can clear of ever meddling with the white people or their property in any respect whatsoever. Those five were all Creeks but lived among the Uchees. The other sever were all Uchees. As soon as the information arrived, I sent off to the head men of the three towns they belonged to to stop the relations of them from going out to take satisfaction but am afraid nothing will avail, as they that are killed belong to six or seven different families… .”

Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Georgia: History written by Those who lived It (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1995), pp. 60-61.