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In Their Own Words

August 31, 1738

Conflicting Policies Between Georgia and Carolina

William Stephens wrote in his journal how the different policies of colonial Georgia and South Carolina, particularly regarding slavery, caused conflict between the two:

“…Capt. Gascoigne, importing his having stopt a Canoe going by, wherein were three runaway Negroes from Carolina, &c. whereupon it was thought advisable to send, and let publick Advertisements be made of it at Charles-Town, that the Proprietors might make a legal
Claim of them in the Court of Savannah, pursuant to the Rules laid down in the Act made for prohibiting the Use of Negroes in the Province of Georgia: And at the same Time we thought it would not be amiss to let the President and Council of Carolina know, how different a Course we took with Regard to them, from what we too often found from the Magistrates of that Province, who in many Instances of late had been so far from giving any Assistance (if desired) in stopping Deserters from hence, that they discountenanced their Pursuers, and rather inclined to protect and conceal such Fugitives, to the great Detriment of this Colony; and such as if not soon remitted, would be of pernicious Consequence. …”

Source: Allen D. Candler, ed. The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol. IV, Stephens’ Journal 1737-1740, Atlanta, GA, 1906, pp. 191-192.