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In Their Own Words

July 23, 1862

Civil War Effects Recorded in Journal

From Columbus, Georgia, John Banks recorded in his journal the status of the Civil War (in which seven of his sons would serve):

“The war is still progressing and of late things are favorable to the Confederacy.

“George and Willis in Mississippi, Eugene still near Richmond. Elbert near Knoxville, Tenn., the last we heard from him.

“We are feeling the effects of the war sorely. Bacon, 40c. Coffee, 70c. Sugar, 50c. Flour, $25 per barrel. Corn is falling from $1.50 to $1.00. The prospects of the growing crop pretty good.

“Gilmer, under my advice, has gotten a substitute [for Confederate service] at $100. His wife is so unwilling for him to leave her.”

Source: John Banks, Autobiography of John Banks, 1797 - 1870 (Austell, Ga.: privately printed by Elberta Leonard, 1936), pp. 25-26.