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In Their Own Words

July 10, 1864

Alarm at Sherman’s Approach

Aware that Johnston’s forces had crossed the Chattahoochee River in their continuing retreat before Sherman’s advancing army, Atlanta merchant Samuel P. Richards recorded in his diary:

“Sunday 10. This has been a sad day in our city, for it has been quite evident for some days past that there is a great probability of Atlanta falling into the hands of the enemy, and the city has been in a complete swarm all day and for several days. All the Govt stores and Hospitals are ordered away and of course the citizens are alarmed, and many have left and others are leaving… .”

Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1954), p. 600.