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In Their Own Words

July 04, 1865

Diary Entry on How “Decent” People Celebrated Holiday

Eliza Frances Andrews wrote of how “decent” people celebrated this holiday this year.

…”The decent people of the town celebrated this anniversary of our forefathers’ folly by keeping themselves shut up at home - except those of us who celebrated it very appropriately by attending a funeral. Mary Wynn’s mother died yesterday and was brought to town this afternoon for interment. Mrs. Ben Jordan and Mrs. Wilkerson came in with the cortege and dined at our house, and Mett and I couldn’t do less than go with them to the funeral. It was three o’clock, and the heat and dust nearly killed me, but as the old lady had to die anyway, I am glad she furnished such a lugubrious celebration for the “glorious Fourth.” The Yankees gained it no favor, waking people up before day with their vexatious salutes. Every good rebel, as he turned over in bed, gave them and their day a silent execration for disturbing his slumbers. I never heard such hideous noises as they made - but I suppose it was only proper that the reign of pandemonium should be celebrated with diabolical sounds….”

Source: Eliza Frances Andrews, The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864-1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1908), pp. 329-330.