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In Their Own Words

May 01, 1739

Intricate Indian Relations Described

This day’s entry in the journal of William Stephens showed the the intricate nature of Indian relations in colonial Georgia, particularly as they related to English-Spanish relations. This entry also mentioned Tomochichi:

“…Mr. Horton, with some few whom he chose to accompany him, went up the River to visit Mrs. Matthews and her Husband, with whom he had a particular Charge from the General to commune, on some important Matters relating to our Neighbour Indians of Tomo Chichi’s Tribe, who of late appeared not so tractable as formerly; divers of them in Concert with others of the Creek Nation, making Preparation to attack the Florida Indians, who were in Amity with the Spaniards; in Order whereto, some were already advanced Southward towards them; and should they come to open Hostility, it would not be easy to persuade Spain into a Belief, that the English had no Hand in it; forasmuch as these Indians our Neighbours, were not only in Friendship with us, as the Florida People were with Spain; but it was also understood, that any Breach of the present Peace on either Side, must in Consequence affect the two Nations, whose Allies they professed themselves to be: This, therefore, being a Thing of great Moment, and Mrs. Matthews (who was a half Indian) one who had a great Influence over those of our Neighbourhood; the General wished to see her, as he frequently used to do; and Mr. Horton was to prevail with her and her Husband, if he could, to go with him to Frederica. …”

Source: Allen D. Candler, ed. The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol. IV, Stephens’ Journal 1737-1740, Atlanta, GA, 1906, pp. 327-328.