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In Their Own Words

April 22, 1793

Indian Raid Described

The decades after the American Revolution saw considerable conflict on Georgia’s frontier caused by settlers violating treaties and moving onto Indian lands, which in turn led to Indian raids in retaliation. In the following statement, Michael Cupps of Greene County testified to one such raid on April 22, 1793:

“I was near the Oconee River on Monday, the 22nd of April 1793, and heard a gun on the opposite side of the river and immediately saw about thirty Indians firing upon and massacring Richard Thrasher, two children and a Negro wench. At the same time the wife of the deceased, with an infant of about five or six weeks old, run and leaped into the river, the Indians firing upon her as she fled. The woman was found alive, scalped, wounded in both her thighs, her right breast with balls and stabbed in her left breast with a knife, her left arm cut nearly off, as is supposed, with a tomahawk, of which wounds she died in about twenty-four hours. The infant was found drowned a small distance from the mother without any marks of violence upon it. I with others pursued the trail of the Indians about two miles and found from their tracks that there were thirty-seven in number.”

Source: Mills Lane (ed.), Georgia: History written by Those who lived It (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1995), p. 56.