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This Day in Georgia History

December 29, 1835

Treaty of New Echota Signed

A minority faction of Cherokees under the leadership of Major Ridge, his son John, and Elias Boudinot met with U.S. commissioners at New Echota, the capital of the Cherokee Nation, and signed the Treaty of New Echota ceding to the U.S. all Cherokee lands in the east of the Mississippi River in return for $5 million. For their role in securing the treaty and the forced removal of Cherokees from the Southeast, the two Ridges and Boudinot would later be assassinated by fellow Cherokees.