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This Day in Georgia History

December 12, 1806

Stand Watie Born

Stand Watie was born in the Cherokee Nation in northwest Georgia near present-day Rome. He became a successful planter but incurred the wrath of many fellow Cherokees when he signed the Treaty of New Echota, which forced the Cherokees to give up their lands in Georgia and move west to the Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma). In 1861, he persuaded many Cherokees to join him in siding with the Confederacy. He raised the Cherokee Mounted Rifles and served as their colonel. In 1864, he was promoted to brigadier general. In June 1865, Watie became the last Confederate general to surrender his command. He died on Sept. 9, 1871 in Delaware City, Oklahoma.