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This Day in Georgia History

November 09, 1831

Wilson Lumpkin Sworn In

Wilson Lumpkin was sworn in as Georgia governor for the first of two consecutive two-year terms. Born in Pittsylvania County, Va. on Jan. 14, 1783, Lumpkin came to Georgia with his family the next year. Although he never attended college, he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1804 - the same year he won elected to the General Assembly. Lumpkin later served in Congress (1827-31), Georgia governor (1831-35) and U.S. Senator (1837-41). Throughout his political career, he was a consistent advocate for Cherokee removal - a fact that led the General Assembly to create Lumpkin County in Cherokee territory in Dec. 1832. After retiring from the Senate, Lumpkin pushed for construction of the Western & Atlantic Railroad. His support for the W&A led the General Assembly in 1843 to incorporate the village of Terminus with the new name of Marthasville in honor of Lumpkin’s daughter, Martha. Lumpkin died in Athens on Dec. 28, 1870.

Image of Wilson Lumpkin Sworn In View large image
Source: Photo: Ed Jackson