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This Day in Georgia History

November 08, 1837

George Gilmer Sworn In

George Gilmer was sworn in as governor of Georgia. He was born on April 11, 1790, in what is now Oglethorpe County (but then Wilkes County). Although he never attended college, Gilmer began reading law in Lexington. His legal studies were interrupted by the War of 1812. In 1813, he was placed in command of an infantry regiment that engaged the Creek Indians in the vicinity of present-day Atlanta. After the war, Gilmer returned to Lexington, where in 1818 he began the practice of law. The same year, he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives, where he served one two-year term. Thereafter, he served in Congress (1820-24), governor of Georgia (1829-31), back in Congress (1833-35), and again as Georgia’s chief executive (1837-39). After his first term as governor, the General Assembly created Gilmer County out of Cherokee territory in Dec. 1832. After his second term as governor, Gilmer retired from public office, dying on Nov. 15, 1859.

To view legislation authorizing Gilmer to take Cherokee land, see the Georgia Archives.
Image of George Gilmer Sworn In View large image
Source: Photo: Ed Jackson