This Day in Georgia History
November 03, 1786
Treaty of Shoulderbone Creek Signed
Georgia authorities signed the Treaty of Shoulderbone Creek with certain Creek Indian chiefs at a location on a creek by that name in present-day Hancock County. In the agreement, the Creeks made no new land cessions, but they reaffirmed the treaties of Augusta (1783) and Galphinton (1785), in which they had given up large areas of Creek land to Georgia - including the vast area between the Ogeechee and Oconee rivers. Chief Alexander McGillivray, however, refused to recognize the three treaties. Their legality was further in question because Georgia - not the U.S. - had negotiated them with the Creeks, despite the fact that under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had exclusive right to negotiate with Indian tribes. Settlement of the debated cessions would only be resolved when the U.S. and Creeks signed the Treaty of New York in 1790.