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This Day in Georgia History

May 03, 1765

Roswell King Born

Planter Roswell King was born in Windsor, Conn. He moved to Georgia’s coast, where he became a successful planter and manager of the Pierce Butler plantation on St. Simons Island. In 1837, at the request of the Bank of Darien, King traveled to Dahlonega to visit the new U.S. mint. During the trip, he became impressed with an area of land on the north bank of the Chattahoochee River. He believed the river could be used to power mills, so King decided to begin a town, which came to bear his first name. He urged relatives and friends on the coast to join him - and many did. Though some of Roswell’s original settlers saw this as a summer home to escape the malaria season on the coast, many stayed. With the help of his son, King established a successful cotton mill on the river. King died in Roswell on Feb. 15, 1844, and was buried in Founders’ Cemetery. A plaque honoring King is located in the Roswell town square.