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This Day in Georgia History

April 16, 1831

Morgan Callaway Born

Minister and educator Morgan Callaway was born on this day in Washington, Georgia. While at the University of Georgia, he joined the Baptist Church after attending a revival, though he later became a Methodist. He graduated in 1849 and then read law and was admitted to the bar in Augusta. Because of his father’s opposition to a career in law, Callaway decided to be an educator. In November 1860, he became president of the Methodist Church’s Andrew Female College in Cuthbert. In 1862, he resigned that post to join the Confederate Army. After the war, Callaway served as a Methodist minister in Washington, Georgia, and then as president of La Grange Female College. In 1872, he joined the faculty of Emory College in Oxford, first teaching Latin and then English. In 1882, Georgia Methodists - both black and white - launched a campaign to create Paine Institute in Augusta for training black youth to become leaders in the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church. Callaway was named president of the new school. However, before leaving Emory College, he preached a sermon in Oxford in which he indicated that he felt he had been called by God to work for the new black school. However, the sermon subsequently was printed and led to so much controversy that he resigned the presidency of the new school and returned to Emory College. Callaway served as Emory vice president until his death on Jan. 16, 1899. [Note: According to the Dictionary of Georgia Biography, Callaway was born on Sept. 16, 1831. However, according to other sources - including the website of the Callaway Family Association and the USGenWeb website for the Resthaven Cemetery in Washington, Ga., where Callaway is buried - Morgan Callaway was born on April 16, 1831 - which is the date accepted by This Day in Georgia History for his birth.]