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This Day in Georgia History

April 11, 1853

John Archibald Campbell Appointed to Supreme Court

John Archibald Campbell was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. He was born June 24, 1811 near Washington, Georgia. After graduating from the University of Georgia at the age of 14, he practiced law in Alabama. In 1853, President Franklin Pierce appointed Campbell to the U.S. Supreme Court, where four years later he sides with the majority decision in the Dred Scott case, adding his own concurring opinion in the important case. Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Campbell resigned from the high court and became Assistant Secretary of War for the Confederacy. Imprisoned briefly after the war, President Andrew Johnson ordered the release of Campbell, who then practiced law in New Orleans until his death in 1889.

To view a John Archibald Campbell Civil War letter, see the Digital Library of Georgia.