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This Day in Georgia History

March 19, 1806

James Jackson Died

To view an online book on James Jackson, see the Digital Library of Georgia.

Former Georgia governor James Jackson died in Washington, D.C. He had been born on Sept. 21, 1757 in Moreton-Hampstead in Devonshire County, England. In 1772, his parents sent him to Savannah, where he lived with John Wereat while reading law. Jackson became a Whig and served in the Georgia militia during the American Revolution. After the war, he practiced law while continuing militia service, ultimately rising to the rank of major general in 1792. Jackson had extensive political experience, serving in the Georgia General Assembly during the 1780s and 1790s, in the U.S. House of Representatives (1789-1791), as governor (1798-1801), and in the U.S. Senate (1793-95 and 1801-06). After the Yazoo Land fraud, Jackson resigned from the Senate to return to Georgia to fight for repeal of the legislation and defeat of those who had supported it. Because of his role, the General Assembly named a new county in his honor in 1796. Reelected to the Senate, Jackson helped negotiate an agreement in 1802 whereby Georgia ceded its western territories to the U.S. in return for a payment of $1,250,000 and the national government’s agreement to extinguish all Indian claims to land within Georgia.