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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

October 17, 1864

Richmond Newspaper Printed Reports from Northwest Georgia

The Richmond Times Dispatch printed reports from several Georgia newspapers on the work the Confederate army had been doing in northwest Georgia, making it appear much more impressive than it was in reality.

Interesting from Georgia. The Georgia papers bring us some intelligence from the two armies confronting each other in that State: When Sherman heard that Hood had left his front and gone northward, he crossed the river with two corps and formed a line of observation at Vining’s station. Hood’s line crossed the railroad at Big Shanty. On the 3d and 4th, the two armies held this relation to each other without firing a gun. On the 5th, Sherman withdrew and returned to Atlanta. The enemy thus disposed of, our army set to work with axe and spade. It pretty effectually administered upon the State road. From Big Shanty to the Ocstenaula the scene is one dismal wreck. Those deep cavities among the Etowah hills have been filled up by heavy timber, earth and stone. The mode of procedure is thus described by our correspondent: Whilst one detail is engaged in tearing up the truck and burning the cross-ties, a second occupies itself with hewing heavy loge for the purpose of choking the gaps. These loge are thrust into the cuts, buried under a mass of dirt and rock, and so, effectually destroying the line of travel. –The Yankee mode of doing the same thing is not half so certain. We have decidedly improved upon their plan of operation. The bridges on the State road are destroyed from Marietta to Dalton. In General Hood’s battle order, he says his word is “forward.” He announces that Sherman has sent two corps to Chattanooga; that he will leave one corps to hold Atlanta, and that the residue of his army will not be a match for ours. Our cavalry had captured a train of thirty cars near Ackworth, on the 2d instant, loaded with supplies - coffee, five hundred barrels crackers, etc. On the 3d, they captured a train of cars loaded with beef cattle, which were burnt. – These licks, together with those struck by Forrest, will soon have the desired effect in moving Sherman from Atlanta. General Beauregard and staff passed through Opelika on Friday, on his way to the Tennessee army to assume the command, and be will personally direct the movements and operations of the army until the fall campaign shall have been fully ceased. The situation on both sides is critical; but if Hood can keep up his supplies, Sherman must evacuate Georgia in no great length of time. The Appoints Grenada correspondent the President sent General Forrest fifteen hundred fine English carbines last week, for his men, as an appreciation of their service during the past few months.