This Day in Georgia Civil War History
September 15, 1864
Richmond Newspaper Detailed Situation in Georgia
The Richmond Times Dispatch printed more detailed reports from Georgia newspapers on the situation in Georgia.
Affairs in Georgia. The latest Georgia papers give us some additional accounts of interest from that quarter. A letter from Lovejoy’s station, dated the 9th, to the Griffin Rebel, speaking of the ten days truce, says: ‘–Two well-known citizens of Atlanta, Mr. J. R, Crews, railroad ticket agent, and Mr. James Ball, arrived at headquarters to-day from that city, under flag-of-truce, bearing messages from Sherman.–They brought letters from General Sherman and Mayor Calhoun, of Atlanta, in relation to Southern citizens remaining in Atlanta after the evacuation of that city by our army. ‘General Sherman’s letter notifies General Hood that every white citizen must remove from that city within the space of two weeks, and proposes an armistice of ten days for the transportation across the lines of such as may elect to come South. An order has been issued from the Federal headquarters in Atlanta directing the removal of all citizens either to some point north of the Tennessee river, not less than five miles from the line of the railroad, or south of the Federal lines. The reasons given for this inhuman and unprecedented military order is that General Sherman declines to furnish subsistence to these unfortunates, and that they must seek support elsewhere than within the vicinage of his garrison and encampment. General Hood’s reply was, in substance, that the proposed armistice offered no alternative, and he was compelled to accept it with a protest against the inhumanity and barbarity of driving from their own homes a whole community of defenceless and unfortunate citizens. The exodus of those citizens who decide to come South will commence on Monday, from which day the ten days armistice will date. General Hood will send up a sufficient number of wagons for their transportation to this end of the railroad. The impression is general that Sherman determines to convert the Gate City into a military camp and garrison. Mayor Calhoun’s letter to General Hood gives a saddening and pathetic narration of the condition of the people. There is very little army news of interest. The Federal General Thomas, with three army corps, is in Atlanta, while Schofield holds Decatur and another Federal commander, whose name is not remembered, holds East Point. Our advance to-day is beyond Jonesboro’. Lovejoy is still the military telegraphic station. The camp is tranquil and the troops continue in cheerful spirits. It is reported that the Federals have proposed an exchange of prisoners at this point. Federal files to the 6th instant have been received here under a flag of truce. The Chattanooga Gazette of the 6th has dispatches from General Steed-man, dated Tullahoma, 5th, announcing that Wheeler’s forces had been dispersed and that the road, clear through to Nashville, would be in running order the next day. General Miligan, Supervisor of State Banks, had been arrested by Wheeler’s men near Lebanon, but was released. Jordan Stokes was also arrested, and the Gazette, concludes “he is now in a fair way of having radical ideas knocked into him, provided he escapes from his amiable captors.” Joshua Ellis, living in Walker county, Georgia, was carried under arrest to Chattanooga, and, refusing to take the oath, was sent North. The same paper states that the city of Atlanta was surrendered by the Mayor to a portion of the Twentieth army corps, and General Slocum took formal possession the same day, the Mayor only asking that private property should be spared. The city presents a dirty appearance, and all the citizens have left with the exception of a few negroes and some few women. The Rebel, commenting upon Sherman’s occupation of Atlanta, says: ‘The possession of Atlanta, and the retreat of our army to Jonesboro’, will enable Sherman to draw supplies from the abandoned territory - provided he is not interrupted in his thieving operations; but that is all he has gained. It is apprehended by some that Sherman will repair the three railroads running into Atlanta from the south and west, place strong guards upon them, to protect them, and thus be enabled to throw his army in any and every direction through the country as may suit his purposes and whims. ‘This theory presumes that our generals are all going to sleep and that our soldiers will remain quietly in camp and see the whole country overrun. Unless we are much mistaken, the Yankees will have as much as they can do to keep the Western and Atlantic road, which is their main dependence, open, without attempting to run and guard three other roads into a hostile country. We imagine that it will be Sherman’s object to keep his forces well together and protect them from his base at Atlanta en masse rather than to dribble them out at water tanks and bridges.