This Day in Georgia Civil War History
September 14, 1864
Richmond Newspaper Reprinted Georgia Reports
The Richmond Times Dispatch printed two articles - reprints from Georgia newspapers - on the positions of the armies and the general state of affairs in Georgia.
Position of Affairs in Georgia. Georgia papers of the 10th instant give us some particulars of the situation of the two armies in that State. The general impression concerning this last movement of Sherman is, that he will retain his army in close proximity to Atlanta, and accumulate there large stores and supplies, preparatory to a final rapid campaign during the autumn. Meantime he will repair the Georgia railroad and have everything ready for a grand movement on Augusta at a fixed time. Meanwhile he will annoy all portions of the State with raids, which may be very formidable and destructive, and which may attract the attention of our army to comparatively small movements, behind which he will mask and operate those of a large and more dangerous character.–The Augusta Chronicle says: ‘The Yankees having withdrawn their lines toward Atlanta, our forces occupied Jonesboro’ and the entrenchments beyond on Tuesday. Trains of cars run now to that place, which is made the depot of supplies for. the Army of Tennessee. Quite a number of the enemy’s badly wounded were left behind at Jonesboro’ and captured by us. In their retreat the Yankees seem to have moved off with great haste, and left by far the greater part their entrenching tools behind. ‘The reliable gentleman states that Sherman promised furloughs to large numbers of his men so soon as they occupied Atlanta, and that while he recuperates and organizes into efficiency his shattered and worn army, he will redeem his promise and allow the men that promised privilege. It is supposed that he will perfectly secure the defences of Atlanta and his lines of communication along the State road, and thus allow himself to weaken his army with impunity by furloughing large numbers. Our own army is rapidly accumulating in strength and numbers. A large portion of those who were broken down by the hardships of the past few weeks have recovered, and are resuming their places by hundreds daily. Numbers, too, whose wounds were slight are rapidly hurrying to their commands, earnest and anxious to make the barrier our army presents formidable and perfect. Every measure that can be exerted is in force to render the army effective and powerful, as it should be; and knowing as well as we do the elasticity, the invincible and unconquerable spirit of the Army of Tennessee, we have no doubt that when again it presents its front to the inflated and haughty legions of Sherman’s army that it will be with an indomitable spirit of vengeance and resistless onsets, whose victory will repay us for all the disasters we have hitherto suffered. Efficient consolidation and strict military discipline will effect more in our army than immensity of unwieldy numbers. Effective blows on the rear of Sherman now, ere he accumulates his material for a further prosecution of the campaign, will do more than a successful battle to prevent him from advancing on Augusta, Milledgeville, Macon, or perhaps Montgomery, Selina and Mobile. The latter plan, it will be remembered, was threatened by the Yankee Government several months ago. The Macon Telegraph has the following description of the scenes in Atlanta after its occupation by the enemy: ‘From a gentleman who left Atlanta several days after the city fell, we learn some interesting particulars of the doings of the Yankees and the conduct of the people in the city. Two or three days after the enemy entered, the officers grand ball at the Trout House, and invited many of the citizens to attend. To their shame, be it said, the invitation was accepted in many instances, and women - we cannot call them ladies - who were loudest in their protestations of loyalty to the South were “hand in glove” with the Yankees on the night of the ball. It is represented to have been quite a brilliant affair. Plenty of champagne was drank in honor of the success achieved by she Federal arms, and the party ended at a late in the morning after great glorification. One of the first orders issued by the Yankees informed the negroes that they were no longer slaves, but “free American citizens of African descent.”–There were many negroes in this city, and we should not be surprised if some of the “colored ladies” attended the Yankee calcination ball. We regret to learn that among the first citizens who took the oath of allegiance tot he Federals was Mr. J. E. Buchanan, formerly “business manager” of the Intelligencer. This gentleman remained in Atlanta with the Fire Battalion during the investment of that city. There is but little or no business carried on in the city except by a few traitors, who concealed tobacco for the express purpose of selling it to the enemy should they enter the town. These creatures, we learn, are doing a brisk business with the Yankee sutlers. There is a provost-marshal and a guard of one brigade on duty in the city; all the other troops are encamped outside of the city.
From Georgia. Macon, September 12. –The ten days armistice between the two armies commenced this morning. Trains have gone forward for the purpose of bringing away the Atlanta exiles. Both sides will make vigorous preparations to renew hostilities and gather forces for the fall campaign. Sherman has refused to exchange prisoners for men whose terms of service have expired. His letter to General Hood will soon appear, and is characteristic of the Yankees. The Georgia militia have received furloughs of thirty days.