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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

July 23, 1862

Journal Recorded Progress of War, Prices, Hiring a Substitute to Fight

A Columbus man recorded in his journal news of the Civil War, including where his sons were serving, what the war was doing to prices of goods, and one case of a man hiring a substitute to serve.

“The war is still progressing and of late things are favorable to the Confederacy. “George and Willis in Mississippi, Eugene still near Richmond. Elbert near Knoxville, Tenn., the last we heard from him. “We are feeling the effects of the war sorely. Bacon, 40c. Coffee, 70c. Sugar, 50c. Flour, $25 per barrel. Corn is falling from $1.50 to $1.00. The prospects of the growing crop pretty good. “Gilmer, under my advice, has gotten a substitute [for Confederate service] at $100. His wife is so unwilling for him to leave her.” Source: John Banks, Autobiography of John Banks, 1797 - 1870 (Austell, Ga.: privately printed by Elberta Leonard, 1936), pp. 25-26.