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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

July 20, 1864

Battle of Peachtree Creek

As this day began, Confederate General John Bell Hood had less than 51,000 officers and men capable of fighting against a Union army twice as large. But he was under pressure from Richmond to stop Sherman’s advance, so he told his division commanders that no matter what the price, to eliminate all Union forces south of Peachtree Creek. An elaborate battle plan was outlined that called for coordinated thrusts to begin at 1:00 p.m. However, there was more confusion than coordination. Despite fierce charges by Confederates, superior numbers of Union infantry and artillery turned them back. By evening, the Battle of Peachtree Creek was over - at a terrible price for the South. Confederate casualties totaled almost 4800 men. Union dead and wounded amounted to only around 1700. The first of three major battles in and around Atlanta had been a costly loss for Hood and the Confederates. Click here for more on the Battle of Peachtree Creek.