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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

June 27, 1864

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

After the Battle of Kolb’s Farm on June 22, Union General William T. Sherman believed the Confederate forces under General Joseph E. Johnston were stretched too thin to withstand a frontal assault. So on this morning he launched just such an attack on the entrenched Confederate forces, resulting in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. In the two-pronged offensive, 8,000 Union soldiers charged Cheatham’s Hill, while 5,500 more attacked the Confederates south of Kennesaw Mountain. While the Union forces advanced early, Sherman had badly miscalculated the Confederate defenses, and both assaults were repulsed with very heavy casualties - around 3000 killed or wounded, while the Confederate losses were less than 1000 - all occurring before noon, when the Union forces pulled back from the Confederate lines. There would be sporadic skirmishing the rest of the week, but the significant part of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was fought on this day.