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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

May 19, 1864

Johnston Planned Trap, Then Called it Off

Confederate Joseph E. Johnston was looking for a good location among the hills and valleys of this area of Georgia where his forces could successfully engage the numerically superior Union forces. He thought he had found such a location near Cassville, and decided to lay a trap for an advancing Union column. However, Generals John Bell Hood and Leonidas Polk strongly opposed the location. Reluctantly, Johnston called off his battle plans, a decision he would regret the rest of his life. That night, his army again retreated - crossing the Etowah River with plans to make a stand at Allatoona Pass, fourteen miles southeast of Cassville.