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This Day in Georgia Civil War History

March 01, 1865

Governor’s Message on Georgia Militia

The following message from Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown was read to the Georgia Senate; it detailed the work of Georgia militia in defending the state capital of Milledgeville, and the fact that they had not been paid by the Confederate government.

On motion the message of the Governor, was taken up and read as follows: EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, Macon, March 1st, 1865. To the Senate: To your resolution of inquiry, I respond that a company of Artillery, known as “Pruden’s Battery,” and one small company of Infantry, were detached from the militia under General Smith’s command and used for a time, in connection with the battalion of Cadets, as a guard for the Capital. They were called out under the same act of the Legislature, under which the other militia were summoned to the field, and placed under command of Maj. F. W. Capers. Upon the approach of the enemy, they were ordered from the Capital to Gordon by request of Maj. General Cobb, and fell back thence to Oconee Bridge, which with the ferry below, was gallantly defended by them in connection with Talbot’s Scouts. From the bridge, they fell back till they reached Savannah, and were again united with General Smith’s Division. They expected pay as other militia men. Talbot’s Scouts are a company of mounted men detached from the State Line, to discharge the duty of scouts. They are part of the State Line–are an excellent, spirited company, and have distinguished themselves in the campaign,–first under their late lamented leader Capt. F. M. Corran, who fell wounded by the enemy, and died in their hospital, and since, under their present gallant leader, Capt. Talbot. It is expected that this company, which is paid with the State Line, and the Artillery and Infantry company above mentioned, with the Cadets, will be used in future, when not more needed elswhere, as a guard for the Capital, against raids of the enemy. The regiment of Troup county militia, were at the request of General Johnston, placed at the bridge at West Point, where they have remained under the command of a Confederate officer, to whom they report. Major Glenn’s squadron of mounted militia, were ordered out, and have been on duty at Atlanta. Several other organizations of militia, in the Cherokee country, were called out in the rear of the enemy, at the request of General Hood, in August. Since the enemy left Atlanta, they have been ordered to report to Maj. General Cobb, and are now reporting to that gallant officer, Brigadier General Wm. T. Wofford. All these organizations are for the time under the command of Confederate Generals, and are expected to be paid by the Confederate Government. I regret however to learn that they do not receive their pay. JOSEPH E. BROWN. Source: Journal of the Senate of the Extra Session of the General Assembly, of the State of Georgia, Convened by Proclamation of the Governor, at Macon, February 15th, 1865: Electronic Edition.