Bacon County

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county information

On July 27, 1914, the General Assembly proposed a constitutional amendment to create a new county primarily from Appling County, with smaller portions of land taken from Pierce and Ware counties (see map). In that year's general election, Georgia voters ratified the proposed amendment on Nov. 3, 1914, which marks the date of Bacon County's creation (although a state historical marker on the Bacon County courthouse square incorrectly cites the county's creation on the day the legislative act proposing the constitutional amendment was approved). Georgia's 151st county was named for U.S. Senator Augustus Octavius Bacon, who had died in Feb. 1914.

Why was Bacon County created by constitutional amendment instead of an act of the General Assembly? In 1904, Georgia voters had approved a constitutional amendment limiting the number of counties in the state to 145. The next year, the General Assembly created eight new counties, bringing the total number to 145 -- the constitutional limit. Nevertheless, there was continuing pressure to create more counties. Beginning in 1906, lawmakers got around the 145-county limitation by creating new counties through constitutional amendments that were not subject to the limitation. By 1924, Georgia had 161 counties -- 16 of which had been created by constitutional amendment. On Jan. 1, 1932, Milton and Campbell counties merged with Fulton, leaving 159 counties. In 1945, Georgia voters ratified a new constitution -- one which provided an absolute limit of 159 counties, with an additional provision that no new country could be created except through consolidation of existing counties.

As an interesting note, Bacon is one of 25 Georgia counties that still have their original boundaries provided at the time of creation.

Bacon County Place Names

 Historical Maps

GeorgiaInfo Bacon County Page