Evans, Clement Anselm
Confederate general and historian Clement Anselm Evans was born in Stewart County, Georgia on February 25, 1833. He studied law and was admitted to the bar at age eighteen. He practiced for three years before becoming a judge, then a state senator. Soon after Abraham Lincoln’s election, Evans organized and led a volunteer company of Georgia militia. In November 1861, he became a major in the “Bartow Guards,” which became 31st Georgia Volunteer Infantry. Evans quickly showed an aptitude for military leadership and was promoted to colonel in April 1862. He participated in the Peninsula campaign and the battles of Seven Days, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. Evans was wounded five times, twice very seriously - but each time, he recovered to fight again. In May 1864, Evans was promoted to brigadier general and then commanded Gordon’s Division in the II Corps at Petersburg and at the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.
After the war, Evans became a Methodist minister and served in various posts up until 1892, when he retired from the ministry. He was also a founder of the United Confederate Veterans in 1889 and commander of the UCV’s Georgia division for twelve years. In 1895, Evans published a Military History of Georgia, based largely on his memoirs of the Civil War. This work was well received, and Evans subsequently was selected to edit the twelve-volume Confederate Military History, two volumes of which he wrote himself. In 1906, Evans, along with Allen Candler, published the four-volume Cyclopedia of Georgia. Poor health forced him to resign his UCV leadership post in 1910. He died in Atlanta on July 2, 1911, and was buried in Oakland Cemetery.