Andrews, Eliza Frances
Writer and educator Eliza Frances Andrews was the daughter of Judge Garnett Andrews, who hosted many dignitaries in his home and traveled extensively during the Civil War. His daughter kept a diary of the events, people, and emotions she experienced during the course of the war. Determined to be more than a wife, Andrews turned to teaching and writing after the war. She attacked Reconstruction in an article published in the New York World in 1865. Moving on to novels she published three: A Family Secret (1876), A Mere Adventurer (1879), and Prince Hal, or, The Romance of a Rich Young Man (1882). All three works reflect her own independence in that the heroines also seek independence in the arts or literary pursuits.
Andrews taught in girls’ schools in Yazoo City, Miss. and in her hometown of Washington, Georgia—but her longest teaching job was at Wesleyan College in Macon, where she taught French and literature for eleven years. Andrews continued to publish articles, often under a male pseudonym, until 1903—when she turned to textbook writing. Long having had an interest in botany, Andrews published Botany All the Year Round in 1903, followed up with A Practical Course in Botany in 1911. But by far her most famous work was published in 1908, when she edited the diary she had kept as a young girl during the Civil War and published it as The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl. This work remains one of the better primary sources for historical study of the Civil War and its effects on families. Andrews moved to Rome, Georgia in her latter years, dying there on January 21, 1931.