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General Order Proclaiming Atlanta as a Military Post


Head-Quarters

Military Post, Atlanta

May 14, 1862

GENERAL ORDER NO. 1

In obedience to orders received from Brig-Gen., A. R. Lawton, Commanding Military Division of Georgia, in assuming command of this Post for the purpose of guarding the Government stores, to preserve order in and around Atlanta, and for the protection of all loyal citizens, and the punishment of all disorderly conduct, the following regulations will be strictly observed:

1. Details will be made daily to protect the Government stores and property, and guards will be posted at different points in the city for that purpose; also a scounting guard day and night to preserve order, acting in concert with the city authorities.

2. Sentinels will be posted on each Railroad train to examine and arrest all suspicious persons pointed out to them, and to make this order effective, Superintendents of Railroads are requested to instruct Conductors to cooperate with the Sentinels for this purpose.

3. Owners of all Cotton, Hay, or other combustible material, are required with delay to remove the same to such points of safety—distant from Government stores—as may be designated by the Commanding Officer of this Post.

4. Any Grocer or other person selling to or furnishing any officer or soldier with spirits or win, which is prohibited, unless upon the order of an Army Surgeon, will be arrested and dealt with by the proper military authorities.

5. All officers, soldiers, or citizens found drunk, or otherwise disorderly in the streets, will be taken in charge by the guard and sent to these headquarters.

6. No officers or soldiers will be allowed to remain in and around Atlanta, unless such officers or soldiers be furnished with a permit from their respective commanders. And all commanders of troops stopping over in Atlanta will report the fact to the officer commanding this post.

7. No slave or free person of color will be allowed to walk the streets after the hour of nine o’clock P.M., either with or without a pass, unless accompanied by his or her owner.

The officer commanding earnestly invites the aid and co-operation of his Honor, the May, and City Authorities, and all citizens, in preserving good order and sobriety in the city, and specially requests of all persons to report to him any improper conduct on the part of any of the officers or soldiers under his command.

By order of

G. W. Lee,

Col. Commanding

Lieut. John C. Hendrix, A. Adjutant.

Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1954), Vol. I, p. 526.