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Okefenokee Basin District


Atlantic Plain Major Division

Coastal Plain Province

Sea Island Section

Okefenokee Basin District

Low relief, decreasing to the southeast, and numerous swamps are characteristic of the Okefenokee Basin District. Relief varies from approximately 50 feet to less than 5 feet. Elevations in the district range from 240 feet in the northwest on Pliocene Pleistocene deposits to 75 feet in the southeast on Pleistocene deposits. The swamps range in size from a few hundred square feet to the 660 square miles of the Okefenokee Swamp. The northwestern portion of the Okefenokee Swamp, like the northern and western portions of the district, is drained by the southeast-flowing tributaries of the southwest-flowing Suwannee River. The southeastern portion of the swamp is drained by the south-flowing St. Marys River. At the extreme southern end of the district the St. Marys River turns east and flows through a gap in Trail Ridge. The northern and western boundaries of the district coincide with the northern and western drainage divides of the Suwannee River. The eastern boundary is the western base of Trail Ridge.

Source: William Z. Clark, Jr. and Arnold C. Zisa, Physiographic Map of Georgia (Atlanta: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 1976).