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Wilcox County



Courthouse
County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

LocationAbbeville
Date Built1903
Architecture StyleNeoclassical Revival
DesignerFrank P. Milburn
Seat InformationThe act creating Wilcox County provided for election of county officials on the first Monday of March 1858. After that election, the new justices of the county's inferior court were authorized to select "some central and convenient place" within the county for use as the county seat, to lay out the site into lots and streets, and to arrange for construction of a courthouse and other public buildings. Reportedly, David Fitzgerald donated 60 acres near the Ocmulgee River for use as the county seat. While this meant that the county seat would be on the county's eastern boundary, the inferior court accepted the land donation. The town that grew up around the courthouse was known as Abbeville, a name variously attributed to Abbie Fitzgerald (wife of the land donor), to Abbie McNally, and to the Abbeville District in South Carolina. Criticism of Abbeville's location prompted the General Assembly on Sept. 27, 1879 to enact legislation allowing any taxpayer in Wilcox County to challenge in court whether Abbeville's location complied with the 1857 act requiring that the county seat be in a central and convenient place (Ga. Laws 1878-79, p. 409). Apparently, no serious challenge resulted. On Sept. 15, 1883, the legislature incorporated Abbeville as a town.
Courthouse DetailsWilcox County's first courthouse was a wooden building constructed in 1858. This lasted until the current three-story, brick courthouse was built in 1903.
County Data
Population9255
Population 20008577
Population Growth7.9
County SeatAbbeville
County Area383.3 Square Miles
Location MapWilcox County Location Map
History

Wilcox County was created from Dooly, Irwin, and Pulaski counties on Dec. 22, 1857 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1857, p. 46). [Click here to read legal description of Wilcox County’s original boundaries.]

Wilcox County was named for Gen. Mark Wilcox (1799-1850), who fought in the Indian wars. On three different occasions (1825-28, 1832-34, and 1842-43), Wilcox represented Telfair County in the Georgia House of Representatives, where he worked for creation of the Georgia Supreme Court.

In 1905 and 1906 respectively, portions of Wilcox County were used to create Turner and Ben Hill counties.

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Legal OrganThe Cordele Dispatch
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Historical Population
YearPopulation
2010 9,255
2000 8,577
1990 7,008
1980 7,682
1970 6,998
1960 7,905
1950 10,167
1940 12,755
1930 13,439
1920 15,511
1910 13,486
1900 11,097
1890 7,980
1880 3,109
1870 2,439
1860 2,115