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Montgomery County



Courthouse
County Courthouse View large image

Source: David Seibert

LocationMount Vernon
Date Built1907
Architecture StyleNeoclassical Revival
DesignerAlexander Blair
Seat InformationThe 1793 act creating Montgomery County did not designate a county seat but provided that court sessions be held at the residence of William Neal until a courthouse and jail could be erected. An act of Feb. 8, 1797 provided that the courthouse, jail, and other county business be held at the plantation of Arthur Lott, which was designated the county seat of Montgomery County (Ga. Laws 1797, p. 33). In 1813, the General Assembly designated the settlement of Mount Vernon as county seat (Ga. Laws 1813, p. 44). Later, a number of Montgomery County residents sought to have the location of the county seat changed. In response, the 1857 legislature passed an act directing: "That the Justices of the Inferior Court of Montgomery county, or a majority of them, are hereby required, by giving due notice at least twenty days before said election, to have opened at the Court House and several precincts in said county, a poll or election, to ascertain whether a majority of said voters desire the removal of the county site from Mount Vernon, the voters endorsing on their tickets removal, or no removal. "That should a majority of said voters vote removal, then the Justices of the Inferior Court, or a majority of them, shall procure some suitable place as near the centre of said county as practicable, where at least ten acres of land can be obtained on the best terms, for the location of the county site, and shall cause the same to be laid off in town lots, and sold at public outcry, on the ground, to the highest bidders, after having first given at least sixty days notice of said sale in two or more of the public gazettes of this State, retaining at least two acres for public use, and after the sale of said lots the Justices of the Inferior Court shall provide for the erection of public buildings in such manner as they, or a majority of them, shall think proper" (Ga. Laws 1857, p. 259). Whether a referendum to move the county seat actually was held is not known, but if it was, voters turned it down. Mount Vernon is presumed to have been named for the Virginia plantation home of George Washington. The date of its initial settlement is not known, but Mount Vernon was incorporated by the legislature on Aug. 26, 1872 (Ga. Laws 1872, p. 241).
Courthouse DetailsThe 1793 act creating Montgomery County provided the court sessions be held at the residence of William Neal until a courthouse and jail could be erected. A 1797 act provided that the courthouse, jail, and other county business be held at the plantation of Arthur Lott. How long Lott's plantation home served as courthouse is not known. In 1813, the legislature designated Mt. Vernon as county seat, and at some point a courthouse was built. Likely, it was a small frame building, for in 1836 the legislature authorized the clerks of superior and inferior court to keep their offices at any place within one mile of the courthouse. In 1838, the legislature authorized the inferior court to levy a special tax to build a jail and repair the courthouse. Presumably, several courthouses were constructed during the 19th century. Montgomery County's current courthouse was completed in 1907 and substantially rehabilitated in 1991-92.
County Data
Population9123
Population 200010.3
Population Growth8270
County SeatMount Vernon
County Area247.3 Square Miles
Location MapMontgomery County Location Map
History

Montgomery County was created from Washington County by an act of the General Assembly approved Dec. 19, 1793 (Ga. Laws 1793, p. 10). Georgia’s 20th county was named for Continental Army general Richard Montgomery (1736-1775), who was mortally wounded on Dec. 31, 1775 at the Battle of Quebec during the early stages of the American Revolution.

Portions of Montgomery County were used to create the following counties: Tattnall (1801), Emanuel (1812), Dodge (1870), Toombs (1905), Wheeler (1912), and Treutlen (1918).

Web SiteVisit Web Site
Legal OrganThe Montgomery Monitor
Chamber of Commerce Web SiteVisit Web Site
Historical Population
YearPopulation
2010 9,123
2000 8,270
1990 7,163
1980 7,011
1970 6,099
1960 6,284
1950 7,901
1940 9,668
1930 10,020
1920 9,167
1910 19,638
1900 16,359
1890 9,248
1880 5,381
1870 3,586
1860 2,997
1850 2,154
1840 1,616
1830 1,269
1820 1,869
1810 2,954
1800 3,180