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Campbell County



Courthouse
LocationFairburn
Date Built1871
Architecture StyleVernacular (Greek Revival and Italianate Influences)
DesignerUnknown
Seat InformationThe Dec. 20, 1828 legislation creating Campbell County did not designate a county seat. Rather, it provided that superior and inferior courts and county elections be held at the house of John S. Beavers until such time that the justices of the county's inferior court were elected and decided on a permanent site for the county seat. At some point in the late 1820s, a settlement named Campbellton was begun on the banks of the Chattahoochee River on land owned by Frank Irwin. Apparently, he sold one or more land lots to the county in 1829 for use as a county seat, with the new town named Campbellton in honor of Col. Duncan Campbell. In an act of Dec. 3, 1829, the legislature officially designated Campbellton as county seat of Campbell County (Ga. Laws 1829, p. 189). In 1853, the Atlanta & LaGrange Railroad (later renamed Atlanta & West Point Railroad) was completed. The railroad traveled through Campbell County, bypassing Campbellton by nine miles to the southeast. Here, a rail station was built at Fairburn, a small community settled around 1830 and originally known as Barrysville. [Fairburn is believed to have been named for the English town of Fairburn, located in York County.] On Feb. 17, 1854, the General Assembly incorporated Fairburn, providing its boundaries as all area within 600 miles of the railroad depot (Ga. Laws 1853-54, p. 244). In the following years, Fairburn grew, while Campbellton went into decline. In an act of Oct. 17, 1870, the legislature provided that the Campbell's county seat be moved to a site on the Atlanta and West Point Railroad, with county voters to select the site in a referendum to be held in Nov. 1871. In that election, Fairburn was chosen as county seat--a designation it would hold until the county was abolished on Jan. 1, 1932.
Courthouse DetailsShortly after Campbell County was created, a wooden courthouse was built in the new county seat of Campbellton. This building was replaced in 1835 with a two-story brick structure. In 1870, the legislature provided that Campbell County's seat of government be moved to a site on the Atlanta & West Point Railroad, with voters to select the site in a referendum in Nov. 1871 (Ga. Laws 1870, p. 13). As soon as a site was selected, the county's ordinary was to select four additional citizens to help him select land to purchase for construction of a courthouse. On Dec. 13, 1871, the legislature authorized Campbell County's ordinary to borrow up to $7,000 to finance construction of a new courthouse (Ga. Laws 1871-72, p. 215). Presumably, the courthouse was completed in 1872, after which the old courthouse in Campbellton was abandoned, eventually being torn down in the early 1900s. The new courthouse at Fairburn served until Campbell County merged with Fulton County on Jan. 1, 1932. In 1983, the old Campbell County courthouse was restored. Since then, it has served as a community center.
County Data
Population
Population 2000
Population Growth
County SeatFairburn
County Area Square Miles
Location MapCampbell County Location Map
History

Campbell County was created on Dec. 20, 1828 by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1828, p. 56). Formed from portions of Carroll, Coweta, DeKalb, and Fayette counties, Campbell County’s boundaries were specified as:

  . . . beginning on the west side of Line creek, between the counties of Fayette and Coweta, at the corner of fractions No. 162 and 163, in the seventh district, according to the plan of the survey of the county of Coweta, running thence due west, on the line from said fractions in the plan of said district, intersecting the eighth district of said county, at the corner between lots number fourteen and fifteen in said district, on the district line, thence due west, on the line dividing said lots, to the Chattahoochee river, intersecting with said river, at the corner of fractions No one hundred and seventy-two, one hundred and seventy-three and one hundred and seventy-four, in said eighth district, thence crossing the river to the corner of fractions No ninety-three and ninety-six, in the third district of Carroll county, thence due north [Illegible Text] the [Illegible Text] running from said fractions through said district, intersecting the district No. two, at the corner of lots No. nine and ten, in said district, thence running due north, on the line between said lots, to the Cherokee line, thence east on the Cherokee line, to its intersection, with the Chattahoochee river, at or near to Buzzard Roost Island, crossing said river, in a straight line to the corner of fractions No. fifty-three and fifty five, in the fourteenth district, of originally Fayette now DeKalb county, thence on the line running due south, from said corner, to the Fayette county line, intersecting said line, at the corner of lots No. one hundred and seventy-seven and one hundred and seventy-eight, in the ninth district, of the county of Fayette, thence in a direct line, to the corner of fractions No. twenty-nine and thirty, in said ninth district, on Line creek, and thence down Line creek to the beginning, and all that part of the counties of Coweta, Carroll, Fayette and DeKalb, comprehended within the lines aforesaid . . . .

The new county was named for noted politician and lawyer Col. Duncan G. Campbell (1787-1828). In 1825, Campbell had helped negotiate the Treaty of Indian Springs, in which the Creeks ceded a portion of the land later used to fashion Campbell County.

In an act of Oct.17, 1870, the legislature used portions of Campbell County to create Douglas County, at the same time transferring sections of Fayette County to Campbell (Ga. Laws 1870, p. 13). According to that legislation, Campbell County’s new boundaries were prescribed as:

  . . . beginning on the east bank of the Chattahoochee River, on the dividing line between the counties of Campbell and Coweta; running along said line to Nixon Ford, on Line Creek, at the southwest corner of fraction lot of land number one hundred and seventy-eight (178) in the original seventh (7th) district of Fayette county; thence running north along the dividing line between the counties of Fayette and Campbell to the southwest corner of fractional lot of land number nine (9) in the original ninth (9th) district of Fayette county; thence running direct to the southeast corner of lot of land number one hundred and eighty-eight (188) in the thirteenth district of Fayette county, intersecting the Clayton line; thence along the dividing line, between the counties of Fayette and Clayton, to the Fulton county line; thence along the dividing line of Fayette and Fulton counties to Campbell county line; thence along the dividing line of Fulton and Campbell counties to the Chattahoochee River; thence down said river to the point of beginning. . . .

On Aug. 9, 1929, the legislature passed an act to merge Campbell County with Fulton County, subject to voter approval in referendums in each county (Ga. Laws 1929, p. 551). Subsequently, Fulton and Campbell County voters approved the consolidation, which became effective Jan. 1, 1932.

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Historical Population
YearPopulation
1930 9,903
1920 11,709
1910 10,874
1900 9,518
1890 9,115
1880 9,970
1870 9,176
1860 8,301
1850 7,232
1840 5,370
1830 3,323