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In Their Own Words

November 07, 1797

Slaves in Indian Territory

Benjamin Hawkins, United States Indian agent south of the Ohio River, maintained his main post at Fort Wilkinson on the Georgia frontier. Here he dealt with a multitude of matters, some barely relating to the Indians at all, as the following deposition suggests:

“Joseph Thompson, an inhabitant of Tensaw, this day complained, on oath, before me that Zachariah McGirt, in the neighborhood of Tuckabatchee, did, as he believes, on or about July last, prevail on two negros, Munday and Nancy, … to leave his plantation and go into the Creek nation; and in proof of this belief he states that he had been informed that this McGirt had declared his intention of getting possession of these negros under pretense of having a claim to them… .”

Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society, Vol. IX, Letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806 (Savannah: Georgia Historical Society, 1916), p. 219.