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In Their Own Words

September 05, 1863

Civil War Events Recorded in Diary

Atlanta merchant Samuel P. Richards recorded in his diary:

“Nothing of much interest has occurred this week. There are rumors of Yankee raids upon Atlanta and part of our citizens comprising the ‘Fire Battalion’ have been called into camp at the City Hall. Col. Lee wants our Company to join this battalion, but we don’t incline to do so, much. Lieut. Gen. Pemberton, who commanded at Vicksburg when it was surrendered, is now the guest of Bro. [Sidney] Root, awaiting the decision of a court of Inquiry in regard to that matter. Bro. Root thinks his case will be sustained by the court. By surrendering as he did on the fourth of July (which I wondered at his doing), he obtained terms that he could not have had if they had held out several days longer which they could not have done. The Yankees very much wished to get in on the ‘glorious fourth,’ and so granted more favorable terms to accomplish that end.”

Source: Franklin M. Garrett, Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969 reprint of original 1954 volume), p. 559.