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In Their Own Words

February 16, 1738

Indian Fighting Recorded in Journal

William Stephens wrote in his journal of one group of Indians attacking another, with some European politics included:

“…This Morning an Express arrived from Lieutenant Willy in the Creek Nation, and came by the Way of Augusta, signifying, that the Choctaw Indians in the French Interest, had some Time in November last come in a great Body, far superior to the Chicasaws, and at- tacked them in such a Manner, that the Chicasaws not being of Force sufficient to face them, betook themselves to their Forts, to defend what they had: That after they had committed what Plunder they thought good, killed and taken Prisoners about twenty People, and also killed and eaten a great Number of Horses, partly belonging to those Chicasaws, and partly to white Men, they marched off, telling them they would come and visit them again in the Spring, &c. It is added, that the Chicasaws are said to have followed them, and fallen on their Rear with good Success; but we do not find it confirmed. The same Advice tells us, that Col. Bull had sent Notice to the Chicasaws of certain Information he received, that the French were making great Preparations to fall upon them in the Spring, resolving utterly to destroy their Nation; whereupon he persuaded them by no Means to shut themselves up in their Forts, which would be no Defence for them against the French Artillery, but prove certain Destruction; wherefore their best Way would be to gall them with Ambuscades; or if they could not trust to that, then to retreat nearer to their Friends, from whom they might be supplied with what they wanted against their Enemies. I made no Doubt but the Trus- tees would have the whole Affair fully represented to them by Mr. Causton, to whom this Express came. …”

Source: Allen D. Candler, ed. The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol. IV, Stephens’ Journal 1737-1740, Atlanta, GA, 1906, pp. 82-83.