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In Their Own Words

February 01, 1733

Peter Gordon Recorded Arrival at Yamacraw Bluff

Peter Gordon recorded the arrival of Georgia’s first colonists at Yamacraw Bluff:

“…[W]e sailed from Jones’s Island, with a fair wind and arrived the same day at Yamacra Bluff in Georgia, the place which Mr. Oglethorp hade pitched upon for our intended setlement. As soon as we came near the Bluff, we were saluted by Captain Scott and his party, with their small arms, which we returned. And as soon as we landed, we sett emediately about getting our tents fixed, and our goods brought ashore, and carryed up the Bluff, which is fourty foot perpendicular in height above the water mark. This by reason of the loos sand, and great height, would have been extreamely troublesome hade not Captain Scott and his party built stairs for us before our arrivall, which we found of very great use to us in bringing up our goods. About an hour after our landing, the Indians came with their King, Queen, and Mr. Musgrave, the Indian trader and interpreter, along with him to pay their complements to Mr. Oglethorp, and to welcome us to Yamacraw. The manner of their approach was thus, at a little distance they saluted us with a voly of their small arms, which was returned by our guard and thane [then] the King, Queen, and Chiefs and other Indians advanced and before them, walked one of their generalls, with his head adorned with white feathers, with ratles in his hand (something like our casternutts) to which he danced, observing just time, singing and throwing his body into a thousand different and antike postures. In this manner they advanced to pay their obedience to Mr. Oglethorp, who stood at a small distance from his tent, to receive them. And thane conducted them into his tent, seating Tomo Chachi upon his right hand and Mr. Musgrave, the interpreter, standing between them. They continued on conference about a quarter of an hour, and thane, returned to their town, which was about a quarter of a mile, distant from the place where we pitched owr camp, in the same order as they came… .”

Source: [no author or editor cited], Our First Visit in America: Early Reports from the Colony of Georgia, 1732-1740 (Savannah: Beehive Press, 1974), pp. 12-13.