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This Day in Georgia History

December 21, 1863

Site Chosen for Prison Camp near Andersonville

Confederate government official Sydney J. Winder had been searching in southwest Georgia for a location to build a prisoner of war camp - far from the battlefields and where supplies would hopefully be more available. On this day he selected a spot in Sumter County and issued an order for construction to begin on Camp Sumter. That was its official name, but it would soon come to be known by the name of the nearby town - Andersonville. Unfortunately, this would become one of the more infamous prisons of the Civil War, as few supplies, overcrowding, and unsanitary conditions would lead to the deaths of many prisoners in the camp.

To view images from Andersonville prison, see the Digital Library of Georgia.