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This Day in Georgia History

June 30, 1665

England First Claimed All of Georgia Land

Two years earlier, on March 24, 1663, King Charles II had signed a royal charter creating the new colony of Carolina to consist of all land in North America between 36th and 31st parallels (an area that included over 90 percent of present-day Georgia). On June 30, 1665, King Charles issued a second Carolina charter. The northern boundary was now extended a half degree north to 36°30’. Carolina’s southern boundary was extended two full degrees southward to 29° - which lay 60 miles south of St. Augustine, the capital of Spanish Florida. For the first time, England exerted a formal claim to all of present-day Georgia. The claim also put England and Spain on an eventual collision course over control of what would be called “the debatable land.”