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This Day in Georgia History

June 15, 1740

Battle of Fort Mose

In the early morning hours, Spanish forces from the Castillo de San Marcos in St. Augustine took the offensive after a combined force under James Oglethorpe had laid siege to the fort. Although Oglethorpe had cautioned his forces to stay vigilant and never spend more than one night in any place, some of his forces had set up tents two miles from the Castillo in Fort Mose - a fort that had been garrisoned by escaped slaves from South Carolina who had formed a Spanish unit known as the Black Militia. As Oglethorpe’s forces had neared St. Augustine, the Black Militia had withdrawn to the Castillo do San Marcos in St. Augustine. Now, they and other Spanish troops launched attacked on the English forces camped out at Force Mose. Oglethorpe’s troops were caught by surprise, with 68 killed and 34 taken prisoner - the most costly battle in Oglethorpe’s entire St. Augustine campaign.